There were 19 ships built in this class up to 1943, along with along with 11 other classes and the fact that there were 2 batches of this ship class that had minor differences. Italy also operated the war reparation ships, the ex-V116 called Premuda and ex G97 called Cesare Rossarol. Overview of Italian Destroyers. Forced to fast emersion in the Strait of Perim, the Italian submarine accepted the unfair gun engagement against three English destroyers (Kartoum, Kandahar and Kingstone) and one gunboat, Shoreham. There were also large destroyers of the older Mirabello and Leone classes, which, due to their older design, were kept to less dangerous tasks. Italian Ostro destroyer WW2 1:3000 $ 16.00. And when speaking of TBs, MAS boats are more often cited. If design only was a consideration, the Italians would win this match, with better looking, more modern ships. In 1943, the Grecale and Maestrale were cleared of their rear torpedo tube bank, replaced by two 37 mm AA guns. The operational areas for the Regia Marina (Royal Italian Navy) were expected to be enclosed seas such as the Mediterranean, Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden. In World War Two this class was used mainly to escort the major units in the fleet service, and this fact reduced the losses during the war respect to other destroyer classes. Some went on to serve during the Korean War and into the Vietnam War. These four destroyers of the Maestrale class (Maestrale, Libeccio, Grecal, Scirocco), and four of the Oriani class (Alfieri, Carducci, Gioberti, Oriani), were derived from the Maestrale, but of larger dimensions, particularly in the width, and a particular care accorded to the transverse masses distributions. Indeed a single destroyer division of 4 ships was able to carry some 1,200 troops and equipment in one night. [12], These ships' service was closely similar to the Freccias. Although the reputation of Italian military prowess has suffered from its performance in North Africa in World War II, blame cannot be placed with its warships nor with their crews. They were originally ordered in parallel to the Palestro class destroyers, but delayed and suspended due to steel shortages. Castelfidardo was Captured by the at Pireus in September 1943 by the Germans and was also renamed TA16, sunk by allied aircraft in June 1944 (also in the Aegean). They carried 270 tons of fuel oil. They also varied in size from enlarged torpedo-boats to exploratori (an Italian designation for large destroyers approaching light cruiser size). German Sperrbrecher 27 WW2 1:1800 FUD $ 13.50. Many destroyers were rearmed in the interwar by the 53.3 cm (21″) Si 270/533.4 x 7.2 “M” modello. The Palestro-derived designs Sella & Sauro classes (8, 1925) and Turbine class (8, 1927) combined shielded twin mounted for 4.7in (120 mm) guns, and went from two twin TT banks to to triple ones. Three others were sunk by submersibles, the Antoniotto Usodimare being torpedoed by mistake by Italian submarine Alagi. New content will be added above the current area of focus upon selection The list includes armed vessels that served during the war and in the immediate aftermath, inclusive of localized ongoing combat operations, garrison surrenders, post-surrender occupation, colony … The Acerbi was sunk in 1941 by an RAF plane, the others for the most part by German or allie planes when they were captured and used by the latter. The Freccia class (1930, 4 ships) signalled a new, more modern design to replace the 1920s Palestro generation. Poor stability and engine reliability were serious problems when the ships entered service and remedies were attempted which, in turn, led to fuel contamination. These interesting designs would have incorporated more powerful 135mm/45 main twin guns and the most powerful AAA to date, on a 2900 tons design fully loaded. These powerful ships were actually considered as scout cruisers before their construction. Losses: Nembo, Ostro and Zeffiro torpedoed by British planes, Borea and Euro, by British and German bombs. She lost her torpedo tubes and won 20 single 20 mm AA guns. In 1942-43, they gave up their rear torpedo tube bank for an additional battery for two 37mm cannons and three 20mm double mounts. WW2 Italian Destroyers were still called cacciatorpediniere, “torpedo boat hunters”, the equivalent of French contre-torpilleur or general torpedo-boat destroyer, later simpified as “destroyer”. As originally built, the class retained the older anti-aircraft fit of two 40mm and four 13.2mm guns. HMS Delhi (masts) 1:1800 WW2 naval cruiser $ 16.35. They were also sensitive to the blades from the front and their bow was modified, in the “clipper” style, passing the hull from 107 to 109 meters. Italian destroyers were usually organised into squadriglia of four ships of one class. In line with the Turbine, the four destroyers of the Freccia class, launched in 1930-32 and completed in 1931-33, Dardo, Freccia, Saetta, and Strale, were faster to be able to intervene with the last Italian cruisers, capable of 40 knots. Inactive in 1943 in Venice, she was captured by the Germans and was sunk in action in November 1944 under as TA 20 near Zara, by two British destroyers, HMS Wheatland and Avon Vale. There are a total of [ 42 ] WW2 Tank Destroyers entries in the Military Factory. Audace, the first of this name was sunk in 1916. German S49) and seven destroyers of the Austro-Hungarian Tatra type, the best they ever launched. The original anti-aircraft weaponry, consisting of mixtures of obsolete 40 millimetre Vickers cannon (designed in 1917) and 13.2 machine-guns was clearly inadequate by the start of Italy's war. At one end, a torpedo boat design was developed into a series of destroyer classes (Sella, Sauro and Turbine) that were comparable with their British contemporaries. It was designed along the lines of the Italian torpedo boats of that time, but due to its size and speed of 34.5 knots, the class is considered a light destroyer, or destroyer escort. Camouflaged Monzanbano during the war – kit box art from 14 June – French naval forces bombard Genoa and Vado. Author’s illustration of the Saetta, Freccia class. It's the wreckage of the Italian destroyer: Artigliere RM. Weaponry was as for the Turbines, except that an improved version of the 120mm gun was installed (Ansaldo 1926 pattern). Italian destroyers were to pay a high price for these oversights, but they fought bravely and doggedly. On the other hand, the Sauro shared the same engine, a set of Parsons turbines fed by three Thornycroft boilers, for a top speed significantly higher than 35 knots. April 1943. Top speed: 38 knots Armament: 4 guns of 102 (2 × 2), 8 mitt. Armament stayed the same, but layout differed and the powerplant was modernized and overhaul to produce and amazing 44,000 hp on a 2100 tons ships fully loaded, with the result of a top speed of 38 knots. I also believe that the re-purposed training ship San Giorgio might have a place in the game – perhaps as a premium or event ship. WW2 Italian Destroyers were still called cacciatorpediniere, “torpedo boat hunters”, the... Genesis: Early Italian destroyer development. Crispi covered the landing of an entire Italian division on Sitia, Crete, on 28 May 1941. One ship survived the war in Italian service. The first 12 were launched between 1937 and 1938, and the others in 1941-42. In 1941, the appropriately named Scirocco foundered in a storm off Cape Spartivento. Italian Caproni’s, German Junkers 88’s, and Stukas bomb Tobruk to mercy. And these figures suffered in wartime after heavy use. Note the battle dressing on the dog's fore leg. Not only was the weight of armour increased by 24 per cent compared with d'Aosta, now totalling some 2,131 tons, but it was also distributed ih a different manner. Their destroyers were responsible for the safe flow of convoys to supply the Axis armies in North Africa, a dangerous task, and for the suppression of British submarines. Aside these, Italy also built in wartime impressive destroyer leaders: The three Alessandro poerio type (1216 tons, 1914), the three Mirabello class (1972 tons, 1915), the four Aquila (1733 tons, 1917-19), and the most impressive of them all, the postwar Leone class (2289 tons, 3 ships 1923-24). There was an evolution to this design though. Captured by the Germans in September 1943 she became the TA14 in service for the kriegsmarine and would be sunk in September 1944 by an American plane at Salamis. Italian tank destroyers were underpowered, thinly armored and few in number. Three ships of this class were commissioned in 1916-17 as "exploratori", but one was lost in the Black Sea in 1920. From 10 June 1940 onwards the Regia Marina counted on sixteen Squadriglie Cacciatorpediniere or divisions. They no longer had the excessive roll problems of the previous ones, and this allowed to re-equip them with heavier machines, more efficient in the end. One ship, Oriani, survived to serve with the Allies and was subsequently transferred to France and renamed D'Estaing. The first destroyers to be built in Italy after the end of World War I, their design started at the end of the war, but was modified to incorporate some war lessons. Illustration of the Navigatori class by the author. WW2 brought a whole new level in ASW warfare, but dedicated vessels were gradually preferred for escort duties rather than the versatile and costly destroyers. Very close to the Pilo, they received between 6 and 8 guns of 20 mm AA during the war. The class used two sizes of torpedoes, in two triple banks, each unusually composed of two 533mm (21 in) separated by one 450mm (17.7 in). They also took over mine-laying and supply transport missions. And that was a force of about 67 ships, which is still numerically important. A new discovery has been done by Paul G. Allen and his research team on boarding of R/V Petrel, his new research vessel outfitted with the latest deep sea exploration technology. The design was modified to incorporate war experience and their hulled was lengthened by 4.5 m. The ships were modernized as escort vessels during the war with single mounts, and the triple 450 mm torpedo tubes replaced by twin 533 mm ones, plus additional Breda 13mm heavy MGs while the old 76 mm/40 AA guns were removed. Italian TB Calatafimi, which boldly attacked French Cruisers during operation Vado. Significant upgrades were made to the weapons systems of the two ships that survived Matapan, similar to those made to the Maestrales. However in operation, this speed was rarely reached. Destroyers, in particular, were utility ships in all the navies of World War II. WW1 Italian destroyers in action Curtatone class (1920). [11], The four Folgores, commissioned between June and September 1932, were modified Freccias and they are sometimes included in that class as the "second group". They were no more reliable or seaworthy than their earlier sisters. In addition, Turbine had one triple torpedo tube mounting replaced by a 37mm gun. See more ideas about italian tanks, italian army, armored vehicles. The two fire directors had more modern aerials and a gufo radar, also a first for Italian destroyers. In addition, the Regia Marina operated in the interwar a serie of foreign designs: Ascaro (ex-chinese Ching po), Audace ii (ex. Some well known Italian tanks of WW2 … Covering all major warship classes of the Second World War mainly looking at their intended pre-war role and what missions they actually performed. They were plenty space to improve antiaircraft and ASW weapons and to mount mine rails. This enabled impressive speeds which were unobtainable under operational conditions.[1]. All were lost by early April 1941. [3], Three Leone-class "exploratori" were commissioned in 1924. They were all seized by the Germans, but no progress was made and they ended broken up on slipways after the war. They were developments of the preceding Sella class, with a broader beam to allow for the greater weight of weaponry from that in the Sellas' original specification and some layout changes. Armament was unchanged but a greater mine capacity was available. The participation of Italy in the Second World War was characterized by a complex framework of ideology, politics, and diplomacy, while its military actions were often heavily influenced by external factors. As a result, the same modifications were applied. The Turbine class (8 ships) was still very close to the previous Sauro/Sella, except for a larger size and displacement due to more powerful machinery, 2 propeller shafts connected to Parsons steam turbines, powered by three Thornycroft boilers for a total of 40,000 hp and a top speed of 36 knots. All were lost during the conflict, including two scuttled by the Germans. [15], The first batch took the Oriani design, with some modifications giving an increased displacement of 1,645 tonnes. They formed, without a doubt, the backbone of the Italian navy right up to Italy’s surrender in late 1943. As completed, the anti-aircraft battery consisted of twelve machine guns. Power output was substantially increased, in order to deliver the desired speed. Most of the captured Italian medium tanks were obtained from the 1a Divisione Corazzata Camicie Nere ‘M’ (1st Blackshirts Armored Division ‘M’) and Ariete II Divisions. The Sella had only one double turret and one single turret, but this was rectified in 1929. Destroyer: the U-Boat Hunter is an interactive war thriller which seamlessly blends tactical WW2 anti-submarine warfare simulation with a gripping storyline. They retained essentially all the features of the Oriani, including the hull, and had enlarged superstructures, and on some, an additional 120 mm gun in a central position, standard or flare gun (15 caliber mortar instead of 50). At the start of World War II, Italian destroyers (Italian: caccia-torpedinieri) were a mix of warships dating from old, World War I designs up to some of the most modern of their type in the world. At the Italian declaration of war in June 1940, the Regia Marina's destroyer force was a mix of outdated ships of World War I design and larger numbers of modern designs. 10 Soldati destroyers were sunk during WW2, with most of the survivors being put into service with the post-war Italian navy or being given as war reparation to countries like the Soviet Union or France. The anti-aircraft machine-guns were replaced by 20mm cannon and further strengthened in 1943. Italian tanks were underpowered, thinly armored and few in number. Da Recco was the only one of this class to survive the conflict, and was disarmed in 1954. Jeep of a two-star general is parked to the right. The Italians used Thornycroft models built in Italy, of 380 and 450 mm. So it was the Soldati class, divided into two groups, one with 12 ships and one with 7. This ship single-handily duelled against four allied destroyers in the difficult escort route between Italy and North Africa. These ships existed in four classes, Tripoli (1), Goito (2), Partenope (8) and Agordat (2) ranging from 833 to 1290 tons. Sources/Read More Conway’s all the world’s fighting ships 1906-1921, 1922-1947italiandestroyers.comAlfredo Orianiwww.secondeguerre.netOn fr.naval-encyclopedia.comOn, Your email address will not be published. She survived and was ceded to the Soviet Union in 1946. III destined for Italian divisions before the armistice.. They formed the basis for interwar designs. Flag images indicative of country of origin and not necessarily primary operator. The 4 Folgore (Baleno, Fumine, Lampo, Folgore), launched in 1931 and completed the following year, were virtually identical to the Freccia, except that their width was further reduced to reach a greater speed, to the detriment of autonomy (less space for oil tanks), while even aggravating the defects of Freccia and instability. Take command of a meticulously reconstructed Fletcher-class destroyer and lead your crew against nazi U-boats in the Battle of the Atlantic! [3], The Mirabello's design reflected their age and when Italy entered the war, they were used to lay minefields off Taranto and to escort convoys to Albania and Greece, relatively "safe" duties. The new leader of Italy, Benito Mussolini, combined an authoritarian approach to … The exception were the 1919 Palestro class (4 ships), improved Audace design which had a larger displacement at 1076 tons, had two funnels, and a better AA armament. The chosen answer were 20 millimetre cannon and, in some individual ships, 37 millimetre guns replaced torpedo tubes. These ships were equipped with five 120mm guns (2 twin and one single replacing the start shell gun of the earlier ships) and extra light AA guns. They acted in the fleet as “scouts”, but were redesignated destroyers in 1938. In addition, these ships suffered from a lack of stability so grave that they had ballasts added to about 90 tons, curtailing their speed to 30-31 knots. The Sella were based at the island of Leros, in the Dodecanese. Indeed all surviving DDs that were not the interned in Malta following the armistice had been captured by the Germans and often integrated into the Kriegsmarine which badly needed ships in this theater of Operations. They formed, without a doubt, the backbone of the Italian navy right up to Italy’s surrender in late 1943. There are a total of [ 20 ] WW2 Italian Warships and Submarines entries in the Military Factory. They are armed for multiple threat missions. Although inspired by the Palestro and Curtatone of 1919-23, they were enlarged and reinforced to swap to an armament of 120 mm guns instead of 102 mm, and “standard” 533 mm torpedo tubes instead of the old 457 mm. 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